The people, not just the officials but also the

The essay entitled with A Modest Proposal was written by a
well-known writer, Jonathan Swift and was published in 1729. Jonathan Swift saw
the living conditions of the people of Ireland which brought him to write a
proposal, written in a satire and ironic way, mocking the British policy toward
the Irish in general.

In his proposal, Swift implies that England won’t take any plausible
solution, this underlying meaning puts England in a tight space making them
take measures accordingly. According to SparkNotes Editor, A Modest Proposal
talks about the bitter situation of an Ireland that was abused by England, not
just did Swift targets the England’s exploitation but the essay also shows
Swift’s disappointment towards the incompetency of the Irish people, not just
the officials but also the public.

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To catch the attentions of the
readers, especially the one who is in power at that time, Swift used a very
common appeal on his proposal.

Based
on the statement of Swift, “It is a melancholy object to those, who walk through this great
town, or travel in the country, when they see the streets, the roads and
cabin-doors crowded with beggars of the female sex, followed by three, four, or
six children, all in rags, and importuning every passenger for an alms. These
mothers instead of being able to work for their honest livelihood, are forced
to employ all their time in stroling to beg sustenance for their helpless
infants who, as they grow up, either turn thieves for want of work, or leave
their dear native country, to fight for the Pretender in Spain, or sell
themselves to the Barbadoes.” (par 1), Wesley,
the Owl Eyes Editor stated that, “Swift begins his satirical essay by
presenting the horrible conditions of the poor in Ireland in an effort to
generate sympathy or pity—a rhetorical device known as an appeal to pathos.
However, the sympathy he establishes at the beginning with the audience quickly
disappears after a few paragraphs once his claim is introduced.” (Footnotes 1)        

        At first, the proposal was quite decent
and appropriate. Just like what Wesley stated, Swift used pathos, which is one
way of persuading the readers but on the later statements, the appeal that is
being established in the beginning started to break.

        Swift suggested that by selling their
children as food for the rich ladies and gentlemen, the poor people of Ireland
might ease their economic troubles. Wesley, Owl Eyes Editor stated that with
Swift having made an appeal to the sympathy of the people, he moves on to
supporting his argument through reasoning and logic. He is using logical
supporting evidence to make sense of his proposal. After Swift established the
problem, he started to provide a proper outline of how his proposal will
benefit the Irish people.  (Footnotes 3-4)

This could be seen on Swift’s statement, “I think
it is agreed by all parties, that this prodigious number of children in the
arms, or on the backs, or at the heels of their mothers, and frequently of
their fathers, is in the present deplorable state of the kingdom, a very great
additional grievance; and therefore whoever could find out a fair, cheap and
easy method of making these children sound and useful members of the
common-wealth, would deserve so well of the publick, as to have his statue set
up for a preserver of the nation.

But my
intention is very far from being confined to provide only for the children of
professed beggars: it is of a much greater extent, and shall take in the whole
number of infants at a certain age, who are born of parents in effect as little
able to support them, as those who demand our charity in the streets.”(par 1-2)

As stated by SparkNotes Editor, “The
main rhetorical challenge of this bitingly ironic essay is capturing the
attention of an audience whose indifference has been well tested. Swift makes
his point negatively, stringing together an appalling set of morally untenable
positions in order to cast blame and aspersions far and wide. The essay
progresses through a series of surprises that first shocks the reader and then
causes her to think critically not only about policies, but also about
motivations and values.”

Because of A Modest Proposal written in a flat
tone, several people took it seriously which caused these people to have a bad
impression of Jonathan Swift; however, his main targets understood the
underlying meaning of his proposal.

Based on
the statement of Swift, “Therefore I repeat, let no man talk to me of these and
the like expedients, ’till he hath at least some glympse of hope, that there
will ever be some hearty and sincere attempt to put them into practice.” (par 30),
Wesley, once again concluded that, “Since Swift had
to resort to creating this satirical essay to draw attention to Ireland’s
situation with such a barbaric solution, this line satirically indicates that
he has little to no belief that any reasonable measures will be taken to help
improve the situation.” (Footnotes
25)

All in all,
the way Swift wrote this piece was praiseworthy. The way he writes it was
effective and had caught the attention of the people he targets and made them
move accordingly.