In slums are vulnerable to other social ills, such

In
the popular scientific dictionary, the word “Poor” implies no treasure
(insufficient possession) or bokek. As the word “fakir” is defined as
a very poor person. Etymologically the meaning contained is full of consumption
problems. This starts from the neo-classical period in which only the negative
(imbseimbangan) between workers and the resulting wages.

            Poverty as a socio-economic disease
is not only experienced by developing countries, as well as developed
countries, such as Britain and the United States. The British state suffered
poverty in the late 1700s during the era of revival of the emerging industrial
revolution in Europe. At that time the poor in England came from factory
workers who previously as farmers who get low wages, so the ability of
purchasing power is also low. Those living in slums are vulnerable to other
social ills, such as prostitution, crime, unemployment. Here’s a little
explanation of the poverty that has become a dilemobal dilemma is very difficult
to find how to sell best.

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2.2 Condition of
Indonesia’s Poverty

            For Indonesia itself, poverty is
still a burdensome problem, especially linked to the widening gap between the
rich and the poor. As a member of the United Nations, Indonesia is committed to
addressing the issue along with the declaration of SDGs. That means Indonesia
is also required to realize the targets set out in the UN declaration. The
government’s effort to tackle poverty in an integrative way has actually been
done since 1995, namely by the issuance of Inpres Desa Tertinggal. Government
through Presidential Regulation of the Republic of Indonesia number 15 of 2010
on Acceleration of Poverty Alleviation has formed National Team for
Acceleration of Poverty Reduction (TNP2K). The team is headed directly by the
Vice President. This national effort shows that poverty is still a serious
problem. Even the central government has realized the distribution of village
funding first to the village government, about 47 trillion. The fund has been
distributed by the Ministry of Finance (MoF). Once distributed, the Ministry of
Village, Development of Disadvantaged Areas, and Transmigration (Kemendesa
PDTT) is tasked with guarding the priority of the use of village funds in
accordance with the Ministerial Regulation. Based on the Village Minister’s
Regulation, Development of Underdeveloped Regions, and Transmigration No. 21 of
2015 on Prioritizing the Use of Village Funds, the village funds in 2016 are
used to finance the implementation of local village-level programs and
activities in the area of ??Village Development and Village Community
Empowerment.

2.3
Poverty in Civic Education Perspective

            Poverty indicates the inability of
people to meet basic needs that ultimately lead to problems. Poverty will
inherit a generation that is malnourished, vulnerable to disease, and unable to
enjoy education. Ultimately, poverty will inherit the generation of people with
social problems, even the source of social problems. That is why poverty will
eventually become the burden of the state and society to this day. That is why
the study of the problem of poverty is still very actual to do.

Poverty
is a matter of humanity. From this dimension the existence of poverty brings
the consequences of moral responsibility for everyone to pay attention to the
lives of people living in poverty. Poverty is also a violation of Human Rights.
Human rights inherent in human beings can not be reduced, let alone abstracted.
From this perspective the problem of poverty is not enough to be seen only from
the statistics. The size of the problem of poverty can not be seen only from
the problem of statistics. No matter how small a statistk, in which there are
human problems that threatened his life. There are people whose fundamental
rights are violated. If poverty occurs in the family, there are children who
may face problems to the point of starvation, malnutrition, to health and even
their lives are threatened. There are children who are unable to enjoy
education, which is actually their right. There is also a violation of human
rights if the people around him, his people, especially if the state let it all
happen. From the perspective of human rights, the existence of poverty is the
responsibility of the environment, both in terms of causes and solutions.
Therefore, various studies and efforts to overcome poverty is not only still
actual, but also still very needed.

Politically,
poverty is seen from the level of access to (power). Power in this sense
includes a political system that can determine the ability of a group of people
to reach and use the Resource. So the poor are usually the ones away from the
center of power because power is the arm of the hand to squeeze available
Resources. Viewed from this political aspect also has to do with small access
to various facilities and opportunities, discriminatory weak positions in the decision-making
process, and weak position to claim rights.

2.4
Solution to Overcome Poverty

Indonesia’s
poverty reduction efforts have been made and putting poverty reduction as the
top priority of national development policy. The poverty policy is a priority
of the 2004-2009 Medium Term Development Plan (RPJM) and is described in more
detail in the Government Work Plan (RKP) every year and is used as a reference
for ministries, institutions and local governments in annual development
implementation.

As
a form of a common movement to overcome poverty and achieve the Millennium
Development Goals, the National Strategy for Poverty Development (SPNK) has
been developed through a participatory process involving all development
stakeholders in Indonesia. In addition, around 60% of the district / city
governments have established the Poverty Reduction Committee (KPKD) and drafted
the Regional Poverty Reduction Strategy (SPKD) as the main basis for poverty
reduction in the regions and encourages social movements to overcome poverty.

The
short-term steps are prioritized among others as follows:

a)
Reduce the gap between regions with; (i) the provision of irrigation
facilities, clean water and basic sanitation, especially the rare areas of
clean water sources. (ii) the construction of roads, bridges, and piers of
lagging regions. (iii) redistribution of financial resources to low-income
areas with the Special Allocation Fund (DAK) instrument.

b)
Expansion of employment opportunities and endeavors through stimulant funding
for venture capital, vocational training and increased investment and
industrial revitalization.

c)
Particularly for the fulfillment of basic basic rights of the poor, services
are provided, including (i) free education as a completion of the 9-year study
program, including allowance for underprivileged students (ii) free health care
provision for the poor at puskesmas and third-class hospitals.

CHAPTER
III

FINAL

3.1 Summary

The
basic problem of poverty alleviation stems from the attitude of our meaning
towards poverty. Poverty is a natural thing in life. In the sense that the
increasing progress of science and technology then the need will be more and
more. Poverty alleviation is not only the obligation of the government, but
also the society must realize that this social disease is the duty and
responsibility with the government and society. When established romantic cooperation
both from the government, non-government and all lines of society. With the
encouragement of this, it is not necessary until 2030 poverty will achieve the
minimum possible result.

3.2 Advice

            In the face of poverty in the global
age requires more creative, innovative, and explorative efforts. In addition,
globalization opens opportunities to increase the participation of superior
Indonesians to be more explorative. In the face of the age of globalization in
the future will inevitably by improving the quality of human resources in
knowledge, insight, skill, mentality, and morality which standard is a global
standard.