CHAPTER 1.3.3 Knowing about National Flag Hoisting Troop of

CHAPTER I

INTRODUCTION

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1.1             
Background
of Issue

 

Being
a part of National Flag Hoisting Troop of 2016, or well-known as Paskibraka, is
almost categorized as a hard thing, but it doesn’t mean that no one can’t.
Everyone who want to be, just need to be a hard worker person and never give up
along the time. It caused by selection process which is can’t pass easily.
Start from the medical check up, physical strenght, psychological aspects, and
also placement test of ideology. The members of Paskibraka has came from all
province of Indonesia, that every province has sent two delegations. Because of
that, all of the 68 members had to knew each other as a new part of life. No
one can judge the others even if they were had too many differences, no
discriminative and egoism allowed.

 

1.2             
Problem
Formulation

 

The writer already compiled some of
problem that are going to discuss in this paper. Those are:

1.2.1       
What is the definition of Bhinneka
Tunggal Ika and how is it history?

1.2.2       
What is the common goals based on realizing
Bhinneka Tunggal Ika in every aspect of daily life?

1.2.3       
National Flag Hoisting Troop of 2016 or Well-known
as Paskibraka, who are they?

 

1.3             
Goals
and Purposes

 

Based on the lists above, the goals
and purposes of this paper are:

1.3.1       
Knowing the definition of Bhinneka Tunggal
Ika and it’s history

1.3.2       
Knowing the common goals based on realizing
Bhinneka Tunggal Ika in every aspects of daily life

1.3.3       
Knowing about National Flag Hoisting
Troop of 2016

CHAPTER II

DISCUSSION

 

 

2.1       Definition
of Bhinneka Tunggal Ika and It’s History

 

Bhinneka
Tunggal Ika is the official national motto of Indonesia. It means, ‘unity in
diversity’, or literally means something related with ‘although in pieces, yet
one’ and also ‘we are of many kinds, but we are one’. It is not written in the
current Indonesian language. It has a definition from old Javanese language, which
is taken from a poem about religous tolerance between the Hindu and Buddhists,
that written in the 14th Century.

It
means the concept of Bhinneka Tunggal Ika isn’t new Indonesian history. It can
be traced back to the past, when the construction of Borobudur under the
Syailendra Dynasty ruled on the plains of Central Java. That time is about the
eighth and ninth centuries. It was the 14th century when poet sage of
Majapahit, Mpu Tantular, said to have commited the phrase to writing for the
first time. The poem is called Kakawin Sutasoma, and it is about Lord
Sutasoma’s travails during the reign of King Rajasanagara or well-known as
Hayam Wuruk. A doctrine of reconciliation between the Hindu and Buddhist faiths
has expounded by Mpu Tantular. The foundation was dominance by a spirit of
religious tolerance as an essential element and also a security of the new
emerging State of Majapahit, which is influence under the guiding hand of the
prime minister Gajah Mada. It reached the height of its power. Long time after
that, King Airlangga built a kingdom that can united because of this same
principle. The kingdom is in the Brantas Valley in East Java, which is built
two hundred years later.

In
more years after, the founders of the first Independent Government of the
Republic of Indonesia, had got inspired to the words of Mpu Tantular and then
use it until now, even in modern era, even if now we are have so many
differences. Start from ethnic, regional, social, and also religious. But
Bhinneka Tunggal Ika never separate us as an Indonesian people.

 

2.2       The
Common Goals Based on Realizing Bhinneka Tunggal Ika in Every Aspects of Daily
Life

 

Listening
to Korean’s song, wear clothes from so many England’s brand, or maybe watch
American movie, is considered normal for adolescents. Because now, in the 21st
century, is a free area, an era that has media culture as its backbone. It
means, slowly, Indonesia’s culture are adapting to the style of foreign media. The
sense of Western or Korean culture has resulted in the loss of connection to
our Indonesian culture. That culture is also the way which is individualism can
be born.

Individualist
made us apart, separated, and became apatism to each other. Not care anymore to
the other people, not feel sympathy and empathy to the culture around our own
country. Because of that problematic, we just have to follow the national
motto; Bhinneka Tunggal Ika. President Sukarno and Vice President Bung Hatta
officially announced Bhinneka Tunggal Ika as our national motto. This phrase is
a part of Indonesia’s identity that resulted of being a role model for
pluralism and unity even if we are different. Because tolerance in differences is
the vital key ingredient for build a truly democratic nation.

It
just like in Paskibraka. It’s not about where are they come from, but it’s only
about how are they can unity even if they are not same at all. Uniting the 68
people, for sure, isn’t an easy thing. Beside of adaptation that they should
do, they haven’t allowed to do something related with discrimination to others,
don’t have to individualism, just need to mixed and become family, step by
step, and just have to build a partnerships for a goals and how to reach it.

 

2.3       National
Flag Hoisting Troop of 2016 or Well-Known as Paskibraka, Who Are They?

 

Pasukan
Pengibar Bendera Pusaka or “National Flag Hoisting Troop” is a youth
organization in Indonesia which has the main task for raising and lowering the
heirloom national flag of Indonesia (now duplicate) in ceremonies commemorating
the independence day of Indonesia (17 August). Its members come from grade 1 or
2 high school students selected from schools regionally. Its mission is to
provide flag bearers and escorts for national flag ceremonies in the local and
national levels in Indonesia as well as in some international functions at
overseas Indonesian installations. It was founded by Major (rtd.) Husein
Mutahar and is led by a national organization with its HQ in Jakarta called the
“National Paskibraka Council” (Purna Paskibraka Indonesia abbreviated
PPI).

Independence
Day of Indonesia is a day that sign when Indonesia was declared Independent
from the Netherlands. This day is filled with festivities and celebrations. The
preparation of independence day ceremony begin well in advance. There are
decorations hung all throughout the city with the President’s palace buildings
decorated in red and white.Every August 17th Indonesian community attending the
flag ceremony at the National Palace. The flag ceremony is also live broadcast
on television in all Indonesia. In the each region also carried the flag
ceremony.

The
national flag was hoisted by Paskibraka, which is the force flag raisers.
Paskibraka is shorthand for Pasukan Pengibar Bendera Pusaka or Bendera Pusaka
Flag Hoisting Troop, as the official state color party for national events
throughout Indonesia. Paskibraka was formed in 1946, when Indonesian capital
was moved from Jakarta to Yogyakarta.

Paskibraka
stands Forces National Flag with has main task duplicate heritage flag waving
in a memorial proclamation of Indonesian independence. Paskibraka divided into
three teams, according to Mr. Husein Mutahar’s idea when he was chosen as in
charge of handling the raising flag by President Soeharto, the second president
of Indonesia, a level which is the level of the district or city where a flag
ceremony led by the regent or mayor, the provincial level where a flag ceremony
led by the Governor, and national level in which a flag ceremony led by
President and performed at the State Palace, Jakarta. There are the name of
Paskibraka teams :

·        
The group with
17 paskibraka members positioned at the front as a guide or escort, led by a
Commander Group (Danpok). This is entirely a group of 17 members of Paskibraka.

·        
The Group with
eight paskibraka members positioned behind a group of 17 members as the core
troops and the flag bearer. In this group there are four members of the TNI (
National army of Indonesia ) or Police as bodyguards and two young women
Paskibraka as the flag bearer (now only one flag bearer), three young men
Paskibraka raisers the flag, and three young women Paskibraka in the rear ranks
as a complement or fence.

·        
The Group with
45 paskibraka members positioned behind a group of eight members as a bodyguard
or security and is a member of the TNI or Police armed. For national level (in
national palace court), consisting of 45 groups is Presidential Forces members.

Flag
ceremony on August 17th done in two times. First, in the morning at 10.00, the
flag-raising and in the afternoon at 17:00 to take down the flag. Ceremonies
were performed for approximately one hour. By the time the flag was raised to
the top of the mast accompanied by the national anthem Indonesia Raya.
Indonesian flag raised by the movement that organized so that the flag reached
the top of the flag pole when the song ends.

And
almost same as it, Paskibra (a portmanteau of Pasukan Pengibar Bendera or
“Flag Hoisting Troop”) refers to a Extracurricular activity which are
present in most junior to senior high schools throughout Indonesia. Its
activities are mostly Marching, Disciplinary activities, and leadership
training. It is also tasked for raising the national flag in schools during
Monday-morning ceremonies. Most Paskibraka members come from this
extracurricular activity back in their respective schools.

Pre-1967. Major Husein Mutahar of the Indonesian Navy was the
one who in August 1946, just as the Indonesian National Revolution was raging,
oversaw the first national flag raising ceremony on the 17th that month in
Yogyakarta in commemoration of the 1st anniversary of national independence,
presided by President Sukarno at the Gedung Agung Palace. With 5 other youths
with him as the escorts, he raised the Bendera Pusaka (the Flag of Indonesia)
just as Indonesia Raya was played by a military band1 to a joyful populace.
It would be repeated again in 1947 and 1949. With the transfer of the capital
to Jakarta, Mutahar did not see any flag raising ceremonies until 1966 at the
Merdeka Palace but the flag raising method still remained.

First national appearance. In time for the 22nd anniversary of independence in
1967, Mutahar, now retired and in his older years, approached then President
Suharto with a plan to form today’s Pasukan Pengibar Bendera Pusaka or National
Heirloom Flag Hoisting Troop, with a mission to escort, hoist and lower the
flag during Independence Day and other national holidays celebrations. His idea would be a 70-man color
company made up of:

·        
17-man color
advance unarmed platoon with the company commander (formerly provided by the
scouts)

·        
8-man color
guard party and escort

·        
A platoon of
armed 45 personnel divided into 4 squads as the Honor Guard unit. During the
first years, it was provided by special forces of the Indonesian National Armed
Forces on the basis of the then disbanded Tjakrabirawa Regiment. Today it is
provided by the Paspampres honor guard unit for the national-level flag
hoisting ceremony in the Merdeka Palace and by the armed forces or the Police
in provincial, city and regency level ceremonies

(The numbers are a
reminder of the day Indonesia achieved independence, 17-8-1945.) The first
official Paskibraka Troop took part in the flag raising and lowering ceremonies
on Independence Day 1967, which were also covered on Televisi Republik
Indonesia, therefore making their first national appearance while at the
background the military band played the national anthem while they raised the
national flag. (Until 1972 it was named as the Pasukan Pengerek Bendera Pusaka,
the present form, Pasukan Pengibar Bendera Pusaka or “Paskibraka”,
coined by Idik Sulaiman, was adopted in 1973.)

Starting 1968 flag
escort platoons modeled on the one in Jakarta were mandated to be raised in the
Provinces of Indonesia for major national holiday ceremonies. It would be the
last year the old national flag would be used in Jakarta. The next year a
replica flag took its place in all ceremonies nationwide, and high school
students took over the job of providing the color party and the advance
platoon, with their red scarf and white dress uniforms and black songkok caps
which would become the trademark uniform of the Paskibraka troop until today.

Current Tasks.
Nowadays, the Paskibraka has the tasks to implement their duties in three
levels of state-ceremonial occasions for the independence day commemoration of
Indonesia which are at the national level (located in Merdeka Palace, and the
President as the guest of honor), provincial level (governor as the inspector),
city level (city mayor as the inspector) and regency level (presided by the
regent). Students chosen to become Paskibraka personnel are selected from public
or private schools and are based on good physical, posture, and academics, the
best ones are chosen to serve at the national level (at Merdeka Palace in
Jakarta) usually with two pairs of male and female from each province in
Indonesia, and are sent to the national level in Jakarta as the “National
Paskibraka”, whereas Paskibraka serving in Provincial, City and Regency
level are also regarded as best school students serving for their country, but
the most prestigious is becoming part of the “National Paskibraka”
especially for the female student who will carry the national flag from the
honor tribune to the flagpole.

Post conducting their
duties, they will become Purna Paskibraka Indonesia (Paskibraka Alumni of
Indonesia) and former members have duties to become active in the Paskibraka
organization to conduct training, mentoring, and sharing skills to their
juniors which are going to become Paskibraka members. Paskibraka members change
every year per school, and a paskibraka member will only carry out his/her duty
once in a lifetime if chosen by the government unit or directly by the national
government to be a part of this unit.

Last
year, 2016, Aceh has sent Rayhan Aditya Ramadhan and Cut Aura Maghfirah Putri
as the delegations from that province for National Flag Hoisting Troop of 2016
in National Palace. It is same as the other province. Arsy Ardan Lubis and
Fitri Faujiah had been sent by North Sumatra. Muhammad Fachri and Janatun Maqwa
fro West Sumatra. M. Elzi Febrianto and Dinda Kamia Evkha Putri from Riau,
Achmad Adhikara and Fionna Sharleen from Riau Island, Aldi Trikurniawan and
Sheila Roespinanda from Jambi, Tri Wahyu Hambrata and Jennifer Greysana Soputan
from South Sumatra, Muhammad Ridho Agung and Andrea Nuzulia from Bangka
Belitung, Ilham Massaid and Tasya Nabilah from Bengkulu, Ridho Ardiansyah and Sahara
Nugra Diani from Lampung, Amarik Fakhri Marliansyah and Nilam Sukma Pawening
from DKI Jakarta, Alldi Padlyma Allamurochman and Gloria Natapradja Hamel (has
not allowed to joined in the raising ceremony on the morning and had allowed in
the next ceremony on the evening) from West Java, Muhammad Aditya Ersyah Lubis
and Audrey Gabriella Yudiono Putri from Banten, 
Stanley Otniel Nagatan and Tabriza Aqila Taqiyya from Central Java,
Muhamad Rival Hidayat and Adinda Awliya from Special Region of Yogyakarta,
Moch. Alvin Faruq Asshegaff and Melinnia Hilda Mareta from East Java, Komang
Arya Ananta and A.A. Sg. Saviti Mahawishwa Karmani from Bali, Biyan
Kamaruzzaman and Loly Marissa Pratami from West Nusa Tenggara, Daniele
Parlindungan Kause and Betrik Priscilla Fernandez from East Nusa Tenggara,
Muhammad Akbar and Nazya Martha from West Borneo, Bima Arivaza Danurahman and Bela
Ananda Anugrahni from Central Borneo, Abu Assadiki Ujudillah and Lawrenza
Fifiyen Gafuri from South Borneo, Gery Yulisan Ramadhan and Jeanne Rahmawati
Sari from East Borneo, Wahyu Brata and Musvika from North Borneo, Reyvelino
Sasiang and Krisan Valerie Sangari from North Sulawesi, Chandra Gunawa and Ade
Yuliana Iswan from West Sulawesi, Ahmad Syaifullah Said and Lvana Bianti
Lumanga from Central Sulawesi, Syukran Maulana and Beatrix Tinduka from
South-east Sulawesi, Andi Tendri Sumpala and Almira Bellinda Philomena from
South Sulawesi, Rahmat Duhe and Febiola Rauf from Gorontalo, Laurensius G.R.
Rentanubun and Ayu Astria Umalekhoa from Maluku, H. Argo Widyantama and Kartika
Ridwan from North Maluku, Daniel D.H. Sayori and Fifia Filafani Irjouw from
West Papua, and last, Arnaldi Doncorys Waroy with Manasena Susana Gibannebit
Giban from Papua.

Although
they came from different location, from different ethnic, regional, social, and
also religious, but Bhinneka Tunggal Ika never separate them as an Indonesian people,
especially with the same vision as Paskibraka.

The
name of woman-Paskibraka who will be a flag-carrier hasn’t been announced by
The Garnisun Team. All of the women-participants had the same potential to be
on that place. And who will be decided, only knew by the The Head of Garninus
Team, and will be announced, soon, three hours to go on the day.

Every
women-participants on Paskibraka Training of 2016, have been trained to be a
flag-carrier. The Garnisun Team started an assessment of the first day of the
exercise to choose who the best figure which is appointed as a flag-carrier.

There
were 6-women-Paskibraka who had been tried to guess, which is the best one to
choose as a flag-carrier. The first one is A.A. Sg. Saviti Mahawishwa Karmani,
called Tia, from Bali. From the first exercise, she has been tried for the
sixth times at all. She also was said that she want to be on that place. But,
she prefer recommend Aura from Aceh because flag-carrier had to keep calm and
had a great personality and attitude, hadn’t tired easier, and had a perfect
smile. Tia just thought that Aura had everything for completing that rules. The
second one is Melinnia Hilda Mareta fro East Java. From the first exercise, she
has been tried as a flag-carrier for fourth times, and also as a serf of
flag-carrier. The third is Krisan Valerie Sangari, from North Sulawesi. Already
tried as a flag-carrier for more than sixth times. She has optimized at all but
she also realized that her friends had been better than her. She recommend Aura
from Aceh, same as Tia. The fourth is Cut Aura Maghfirah Putri from Aceh.
Almost same as Krisan, she already tried as a flag-carrier for sixth times. She
really wants to be a flag-carrier because the delegations from Aceh never got
that position for too long. But she realized, that position isn’t easy. So, she
prefer to recommend her friend, Krisan. The fifth is Tabriza Aqila Taqiyya from
Central Java. She has been tried too for many times, but she prefer to
recommend Nilam from Jakarta, because she just thought that Nilam is better
than her. The last one is Nilam Sukma from Jakarta. From all names before, only
Nilam which is already tried for more than 8th times. Her close friend from
West Java, Gloria, also recommend her as a flag-carrier and thought that she is
the best one in Paskibraka of 2016.

For
two nights, all of Paskibraka 2016 joined culture class which is trained by
Putu, alumnus from Institut Kesenian Jakarta or well-known as IKJ. He also a
coach for youth exchange that already became a workteam with Kemenpora since
1998.

He
just thought that culture is important. The Republic of Indonesia comprises 17
500 islands, that sentence is written by Dr.
Jukka O. Miettinen of the Theatre Academy Helsinki. With its estimated
population of around 250 million people it is the world’s fourth most populous
country, and has the largest Muslim population in the world. Indonesia is a
republic, with an elected legislature and a president. The capital region is in
Jakarta, on Java Island or well-known as Indonesia’s central island. The
transcontinental country shares land borders with Papua New Guinea, East Timor,
and Malaysia. There are so many traditions in Indonesia. Most of them belong to
the smaller ethnic groups that could be classified as “classical traditions”.

Indonesia
is culturally rich. The basic principles which guide life include the concepts
of mutual assistance or “gotong royong” and consultations or “musyawarah” to
arrive at a consensus or “mufakat”. Derived from rural life, this system is
still very much in use in community life throughout the country and then unite
under Bhinneka Tunggal Ika motto.

CHAPTER III

CLOSING

 

3.1       Conclusion

 

Pasukan
Pengibar Bendera Pusaka or “National Flag Hoisting Troop” is a youth
organization in Indonesia which has the main task for raising and lowering the
heirloom national flag of Indonesia (now duplicate) in ceremonies commemorating
the independence day of Indonesia (17 August).

It’s
not about where are they come from, but it’s only about how are they can unity
even if they are not same at all. Uniting the 68 people, for sure, isn’t an
easy thing. Beside of adaptation that they should do, they haven’t allowed to
do something related with discrimination to others, don’t have to
individualism, just need to mixed and become family, step by step, and just
have to build a partnerships for a goals and how to reach it.